The latest integrated food security tier classification (IPC) analysis of the country also revealed “catastrophic” levels of food insecurity affecting thousands in the Northeast.
The analysis was conducted in January and February by partners, including the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), its sister agency, the World Food Program (WFP), and many non-governmental organizations.
Although humanitarian aid has helped avert a food security catastrophe during Afghanistan’s harsh winter, Hunger still persists at unprecedented levels, according to the report.
FAO FAO President Richard Trenchard said the food security situation is serious.
“Humanitarian aid remains absolutely vital, as is the need to rebuild shattered agricultural livelihoods and reconnect farmers and rural communities to struggling rural and urban markets across the country. There’s no way out of this crisis if this doesn’t happen“He said.
The IPC was developed in 2004 to assess the severity and scale of a country’s food insecurity and acute malnutrition situation.
Some improvement expected
The report predicts that food security in Afghanistan will improve slightly from June to November and the number of people facing severe food insecurity will drop to 18.9 million.
This is partly due to the May-August wheat harvest and the expansion of food aid and agricultural aid this year.
“Food aid and emergency livelihood assistance are the lifeline of the people of Afghanistan. We launched the world’s largest humanitarian food project in just a few months, reaching over 16 million people since August 2021.
The first ‘catastrophe’
But the report warns that any benefits will be limited as the ongoing drought and economic crisis continue to threaten the lives and livelihoods of millions of people across the country.
Partners were particularly concerned about: A small pouch with a “lethal” level of food insecurity – IPC 5, the highest level, was detected for the first time since the scale was introduced in Afghanistan in 2011.
More than 20,000 people in Gor province, located in the northeast, face fatal levels of starvation due to long harsh winters and miserable agricultural conditions.
Ukraine war pressure
The report says the coming harvest will bring some comfort to millions, but the relief will be short-lived for many.
The aftermath of the Ukraine war continues to put pressure on Afghanistan’s wheat supply, food, agricultural and fuel prices.
Moreover, access to seeds, fertilizers and irrigation water is limited, labor opportunities are scarce, and people have gone into heavy debt to buy food over the past few months.
Support people and agriculture
FAO and WFP continue to expand their programs throughout Afghanistan.
“We are working with farmers, millers and bakeries to train women and create jobs to support the local economy. Because Afghan people much prefer jobs. Women want to be able to work. And every girl deserves to go to school,” said WFP’s McGroarty.
“Getting the economy working normally is the surest way to get out of the crisis, otherwise the pain will increase where crops are not growing,” she added.
To date this year, WFP has provided emergency food assistance to more than 16 million people in Afghanistan, supported local markets and worked with retailers and local suppliers.
The agency also continues to invest in skills training and climate adaptation projects to help families cultivate land and grow food.
Meanwhile, FAO continues to expand its support to farmers and herders in rural Afghanistan.
The United Nations agency will support more than 9 million people this year through a variety of interventions, including support for crop, livestock and vegetable production. Cash transfer, reconstruction of critical irrigation infrastructure and systems.
More news from Afghanistan:
Expanding restrictions on women
The UN women’s representative expressed serious concerns about the recent UN announcement. in fact authorities.
This weekend, the Taliban ordered all women to cover their faces in public and leave their homes only when necessary. Male relatives will be penalized for violations.
“The latest instructions from the Taliban are Further expansion of restrictions on women and girlsincluding delayed return to work and inability to pursue education.
Freedom of movement is a fundamental human right, she said.
“It is an absolute prerequisite for women to exercise all their rights and participate actively in society. Where women’s rights are limited, everyone is reduced.”
high price to pay
Bahous said earlier this year that the UN Secretary-General in fact The decision of the authorities to deny education to girls in grade 6 and above.
She was even more startled by reports that women were unable to drive, unable to use public transport, or simply unable to move from place to place.
“These constraints increasingly limit women’s livelihoods, access to health care and education, seeking protection, escaping situations of violence, exercising individual and collective rights, and acting with agency.” She said.
Ms. Bahous added: Accelerating violations of women’s and girls’ rights are costing Afghanistan enormously. It is affecting social and economic growth.
Current restrictions on women’s employment are believed to have resulted in: Immediate economic loss up to $1 billionOr up to 5% of the country’s economic output, she said.
More than half of the population in need of humanitarian aid amid food insecurity and malnutrition “The latest restrictions have made recovery attempts more difficult, if not impossible.” She said.
“We urgently in fact Authorities must respect their obligations under human rights law and the full human rights of women and girls, including the immediate restoration of women and girls’ freedom of independent movement and the right to the highest standard of education and work.”