extreme The heat is affecting hundreds of millions of people. In one of the most densely populated regions of the world, there is a risk of damaging entire ecosystems.
The United Nations Meteorological Agency said in a statement that it plans to implement the Heat Health Action Plan, which has been successful in saving lives over the past few years, in close cooperation with health and disaster management agencies and the national meteorological and hydrology departments of both countries.
Extreme heat not only affects human health, but also has a cascading effect on ecosystems, agriculture, water, energy supply and key sectors of the economy.
WMO reiterated its promise to “ensure that multi-risk early warning services reach the most vulnerable.”
heat health action plan
Success in both India and Pakistan heat health early warning system Action plans already in place, including plans tailored specifically to urban areas.
Reduce heat death and reduce the social impact of extreme heat, including loss of work productivity.
An important lesson has been learned from the past, and now WMO has evolved, a region that has been hit hard, shared among all partners in the WMO co-sponsored Global Heat Health Information Network.
The Indian Meteorological Agency said on 28 April that highs reached 43-46°C over a wide area and the intense heat would continue through 2 May.
Pakistan Meteorological Agency has reported similar temperatures in Pakistan, with daytime temperatures expected to be 5°C to 8°C higher than normal in most parts of the country.
They also warned of accelerating abnormal heat levels in the mountainous areas of Gilgit-Baltistan and Khyber Pakhtunkwa. snow and ice meltPotential to cause glacial lake flooding or flash flooding in vulnerable areas.
Air quality has also deteriorated, and large tracts of land are at risk of fire.
In line with the ‘changing climate’
According to WMO, The extreme heat in India and Pakistan is solely due to climate change.” However, the agency continues, “it is consistent with what we expect from a changing climate.”
Also, heat waves are more frequent, more intense, and start earlier than in the past.
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) recently said in its sixth assessment report that heat waves and wet heat stress will be stronger and more frequent in South Asia this century.
The current heatwave has been triggered by a high-pressure system, with above-average temperatures for extended periods of time.
India had the warmest March ever recorded with an average high of 33.1ºC, 1.86ºC above the long-term average.
Pakistan also had the warmest March in the past 60 years, with many observatories breaking records for March.
In the pre-monsoon period, India and Pakistan regularly experience extremely high temperatures, especially in May.
India establishes a national framework for a heat action plan through the National Disaster Management Authority, which coordinates networks of national disaster response agencies and city leaders to prepare for soaring temperatures and ensure that heatwave protocols are made available to all I did.
India’s city of Ahmedabad was the first South Asian city to develop and implement a city-wide thermal health adaptation in 2013 after a devastating heatwave in 2010. This successful approach has since expanded and served 23 heat-prone states. It protects more than 130 cities and territories.
Pakistan has also taken steps to protect public health from the heat. In the summer of 2015, heat waves swept central and northwestern India and eastern Pakistan, directly or indirectly causing thousands of deaths.
The event served as an alarm clock and led to the development and implementation of ten action plans in Karachi and other parts of Pakistan.
A general plan ensures that targeted interventions are appropriate and designed for the city’s heat-sensitive population.
It first identifies thermal hotspots in the city, finds vulnerable populations in these pockets, and evaluates the nature and status of vulnerability to extreme heat.