High Commissioner Michelle Bachelet said at the 49th Human Rights Council (HRC) meeting that the humanitarian crisis continues to escalate as the organized atrocities of security forces known as Tatmadaw have sparked existing armed conflicts among ethnic states. said there is
“The economy is on the verge of collapse. More than 14.4 million people are currently assessed as in need of humanitarian assistance,” said OHCHR Director.
Meanwhile, the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) predicts that “almost half of Myanmar’s population could fall into poverty this year due to the combination of a coup d’etat and the COVID-19 pandemic.”
avoid brutal violence
However, despite harsh repression, many citizens continue to resist military coups.
Although most protests were peacefully expressed, including boycotts and other forms of protest, including the ‘silent strike’, the military met all opposition with lethal force, mass arbitrary arrests and torture.
“According to reliable sources, more than 1,600 people have been killed and many have taken part in peaceful protests. At least 350 of those killed were in military custody, which is more than 21% of all deaths,” said Bachelet.
Since February 1, 2021, more than half a million people have been forced to leave their homes, and at least 15,000 are known to have fled the country. – Added nearly 340,000 internally displaced people and more than 1 million refugees prior to the coup, most of them Muslim Rohingyas taking refuge in Bangladesh.
Disproportionate military repression, in clear violation of international human rights and humanitarian law, has occurred in the Sagaing and Magway regions, as well as in the Chin, Kachin, Kaya, Kain and Shan states.
“Tatmadau has targeted both armed resistance forces and civilians with helicopter gunships, air strikes and indiscriminate use of force,” she said. group.”
“these The attacks ensued with mass arrests, summary executions and torture..”
The World Health Organization (WHO) also recorded at least 286 attacks on health facilities and staff since February 2021.
country on the edge
With economic, educational, health and social protection systems collapsing and valuable development achievements destroyed, the High Commissioner expressed concerns that the country is on the verge of collapse.
“We still have serious concerns about the safety and rights of human rights defenders and other civil society activists,” she said.
“There are very few civic spaces left across the country. Strong surveillance, including digital means, amplifies the risk to actors in all military-controlled areas.”
Few civic spaces remain across the country. Michelle Bachele
She said the military uses arrests and detention as “tools to target and intimidate those who oppose it,” and that security forces have detained more than 12,500 individuals, 9,500 of whom are in custody, including at least 240 children.
“Many of these people are known to have suffered ill-treatment, which constitutes torture.”
And the plight of the Rohingyas, who have been persecuted for a long time, remains terrifying with no end in sight.
She said the Rohingya in Myanmar “are being denied freedom of movement and access to services” and “there is no permanent solution for internally displaced people…
Bachelet said the Myanmar military is committed to the violent persecution of the Rohingya four years ago and the human rights abuses they have committed against other ethnic groups over the past few decades.
“We need a political pathway to restore democracy and civilian rule, but such dialogue cannot and does not replace the urgent need to hold those responsible for serious human rights violations accountable,” she said.
High Commissioner Min Aung Hlaing pointed out that Major General Min Aung Hlaing had “failed to stop violence or allow adequate humanitarian access”. .
She urged the international community and all parties to take urgent action to end violence and respond to the nation’s humanitarian needs.
“The people of Myanmar demand that their voices be heard and that they have a say in the future of democracy…Now is the time for all of us to listen to their voices.”